Lorain County is in the north-central part of Ohio with Lake Erie at its northern boundaries. The county has a total land area of 495 square miles or 316,800 acres. Elyria is the county seat.
Lorain County is divided into two physiographic areas. The northern third of the county is a lake plain, and the southern two-thirds is a till plain. The lake plain is characterized by level or nearly level expanses broken by sand ridges, by high areas underlain by sandstone or shale bedrock, and by breaks along rivers and streams. The till plain is characterized by large, nearly level to gently rolling areas underlain by silty clay loam to clay loam glacial till, by sandstone or shale bedrock highs, and by breaks along rivers and streams.
The entire county was covered by the Late Wisconsin Glacier.
There are six soil associations in Lorain County:
- Mahoning-Trumbull-Ellsworth association: deep, nearly level to moderately steep, mainly somewhat poorly drained in the till plain.
Soil profile: (O)organic horizon;
(A)surface horizon; (B)subsoil;
- Orrville-Lobdell-Chagrin association: deep, nearly level, somewhat poorly drained to well drained soils on bottomlands.
- Fitchville-Luray-Sebring association: deep, nearly level, somewhat poorly drained to very poorly drained soils on the lake plain.
- Allis-Mitiwanage-Miner, shale substratum, association: moderately deep and deep, nearly level to gently sloping, somewhat poorly drained to very poorly drained soils underlain by bedrock at a depth of 2 to 5 feet; on uplands.
- Haskins-Jimtown-Oshtemo association: deep, somewhat poorly drained and well drained, nearly level to gently sloping soils on beach ridges, outwash plains, and stream terraces.
- Mahoning-Miner association: deep, nearly level to gently sloping, somewhat poorly drained and very poorly drained soil on the till plain and the lake plain.
This information can be found in the Lorain County Soil Survey Book at the Lorain Soil & Water Conservation District office.
Lorain County Soil Survey – free while supplies last
Lorain County Soil Survey on CD - $10.00 (if mailed, additional $3.00)
Lorain County Soil Maps – free while supplies last
For further information, go to the NRCS Soil Survey
on the Web.
Lorain Soil & Water Conservation District does not handle soil testing. Please check with The OSU Extension for a listing.